The work of the AFL Landmark Concussion explained

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Margalit injury lawyers filed a historic class-action lawsuit against the Australian Football League in the Supreme Court of Victoria on Tuesday.

* The Victorian law firm is seeking compensation for injuries sustained by former players as a result of the impact of concussion for pain and suffering, economic loss and medical expenses.

*The case was brought on behalf of Major League Soccer players who suffered concussion-related injuries through blows to the head while training or playing the NFL between 1985 and March 14 of this year.

* Dual Geelong player Max Roque, 41, is the lead plaintiff and claims breach of duty and negligence by the AFL.

* Rooke played 135 NFL games between 2002 and 2010 and claims to have suffered concussions 20 to 30 times, including blows to the head that caused him to pass out on at least two occasions.

* So far, more than 60 former players have applied to join the team action.

* Lawyers say there are long-term injuries sustained by former players, including various neurological disabilities.

* Chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE), traumatic brain injury (TBI), and dementia were included among persistent injuries.

*There are also psychological issues, including depression, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and suicidal ideation.

What is the dispute

* A concussion refers to an injury that affects brain function and is usually caused by a direct blow to the head, face, or neck, or an impact to the body.

* It can sometimes lead to the fatal neurodegenerative disease CTE.

It is known that players will be affected

* Former Richmond midfielder Shane Tuck died three years ago at the age of 38 after a struggle with his mental health. An autopsy found that he had chronic traumatic encephalopathy.

* The condition has been found in other notable former players, including Danny Frawley and Graham “Polly” Farmer, who both donated their brains for research.

* In 2020, former Melbourne player Shaun Smith wins $1.4 million in damages after suffering a series of concussions on the field.

* Last year, former player Tay Zantuck was acquitted by the Supreme Court to sue Richmond Football Club after he was diagnosed with the belief that he had chronic traumatic encephalopathy in 2021.

* Former Western Bulldogs star Liam Picken recently launched a lawsuit after suffering multiple concussions before retiring in 2019.

* Former AFLW Collingwood vice-captain Emma Grant has sued after suffering a head injury in 2020 that may have ended her career.

* Mr. Rock took legal action last week after suffering symptoms of a concussion.

AFL Dispute Policy

* In 2021, the AFL expanded its return-to-play protocol which includes mandatory 11 steps, a minimum 12-day post-concussion recovery period and rehabilitation for all levels of Australian Football.

* The NFL once again updated its guidelines on Tuesday and made more than 30 changes to concussion protocols, court guidelines and on-field rules over the past two decades.

* The Senate Standing Committee on Community Affairs is investigating concussions and repeated head trauma in contact sports.

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